In its golden age Islamic Spain was among the MOST CIVILISED places on the PLANET – renowned for its scientists and philosophers, artists and architects, poets and musicians. In the matter of religion, Islamic sultans generally TOLERATED and PROTECTED Jews and Christians (From: Tales of the Alhambra by Cullen Murphy, Reader’s Digest, page 102, June 2002).
Comment: Allah said in Holy Quran: “It is the men of knowledge who can truly realise God.” (Holy Quran, 35:28). To inculcate this importance of knowledge in the minds of the believers, the Prophet once observed that “the worship of a learned man is a thousand times better than that of the ignorant worshipper.” By way of encouraging reflection on the universe and nature in order to explore divine glories, the Prophet is reported to have said: “An hour of reflection is better than a hundred years of worship without reflection.” (Al-Bayhaqi). And lastly, Allah said in Holy Qur'an: "Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error... (Holy Qur'an, 2 : 256).
Tales of the Alhambra by Cullen Murphy, Reader’s Digest, page 102, June 2002.